How can the primary education system be reformed in India?- Umesh Meena

“Education is the most powerful weapon you can use to change the world”
-Nelson Mandela.
It is over six decades back that India set out on the assignment of changing the elitist
arrangement of training acquired from the pioneer past into one that is mass construct and
worked with respect to standards of uniformity and social equity. A standout amongst the most
critical minutes in this voyage has been the change of the constitution modeling education a
Fundamental Right and enforcing Right to Education Act in 2009.
Having accomplished accessible enrolment of children at the elementary level, the nation has
moved forward on its objective of making primary and secondary education widespread and
guaranteeing fair access to advanced education for all. The nation is additionally ready to
proceed onward significant activities on the quality front to subsume that youngsters go to class
as well as receive quality learning. Budgetary allocation of 79,394 crores in 2017-18 Budget to
education sector (9.9% rise from previous year), of which 46,356 crores is for the school sector
imparts government’s ardent stride to uphold the wave of standard education in our country. For
accomplishing desired ramifications, it needs fundamental change measures and targets on
certain specific domains.
Primordial orientations necessary for constructive changes:
The prime need of basic infrastructure in every school and dedicated efforts to leap the path from
basic to progressive advancement with all modern facilities where education is both learning and
amusement experience for every child is imperative for quality education.
In recent years, path breaking policy changes like Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) / Right to
Education, National Programme for Education of Girls at Elementary Level (NPEGEL),
Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan have been crucial in raising the overall enrollment
numbers in elementary schools but the other facet depicts a sad truth of critically high dropout
rate of 4.57 per cent at primary level and 17.8 per cent at secondary level.
Dropout rates vary to great extent across different states in our country. Rajasthan has the highest
dropout rate of 8.39 per cent and Karnataka with the best figures at 2.3 per cent.
Here is state-wise complete list of dropouts in our country. primary-level
To keep a check on the dropout rates, we need to respond fervently to early indicators of
potential dropout, cases of absenteeism to be dealt acutely by shaping awareness or even
counselling the student and parents.
Guaranteeing social comprehensiveness, particularly as to young girls and SC/ST children,
inculcating sensitivity in teachers towards their role and significance of every individual’s
contribution in building a better society to be a part is of ample important in shaping the nation’s
The lack professional and incompetent teachers is one major lag to our aspiration of quality
education. The demand of teachers, qualified and trained teachers to meet the considerable
student-teacher ratio in schools are not meeting up as per current recruitment system in
government schools. We need profound invest in moulding qualified instructors who can do
justice to one’s profession and take onus on one’s part of fabricating India’s bright future.
The curriculum is basic in deciding the nature of instruction conferred. Impressive consideration
has been amid the current years to redoing the school educational programs. Be that as it may,
the talk has stayed truncated. Subsequently, a far-reaching approach which addresses the forms
and substance of the school educational modules ought to be set up.
Standardization of syllabus along all major boards, i.e. CBSE (all India and Delhi Board), ICSE
and most importantly state boards across the country are very imperious to maintain the level of
cognition of different age groups irrespective of one’s geographical background. The course of
teaching and reading material appropriateness need to be checked and updated from time to time.
Methods of the education need pragmatic changes to take a leap from the age old methods of a
teacher giving monotonous lecture to whole class, where grasping of a topic by an individual is
taken into consideration by a yearly or semi-annual exam. Classroom learning can be made
increasingly interactive and swift these days with the utilization of computerized techniques, for
example, PPTs, e-learning strategies, video presentations, web based preparing and other
advanced strategies or platforms. Effective evaluation and timely feedback mechanism for each
individual is very needful for betterment in the quality outcome of proposed efforts.
Inclusion of workshops, demonstrations and class activities can boost the incentive to learn and
participate. There lies great latent potential in every child apart from doing well in studies but in
our country, children often remain unaware or disguised of opportunities.
A pedagogy that supports and foster the hobby and extra-curricular activities along with standard
curriculum giving equal opportunities to every child, inculcating the habit of developing the
societal values to be adopted. It is the responsibility of any education system to make students
realize their importance as an integral part of the society and their defining role and contributor
by any means for its welfare.
India is taking rapid strides in its endeavor to bring substantive changes in reforming the face of
primary education in our country and the above stated proposals are fundamental to these
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